MOSCOW

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Moscow, the capital of the Russian Federation, is one of the major world megapolises with the population over 10 million people. Being one of the most northern megalopolises of the world, Moscow still enjoys a moderate climate. Moscow occupies a territory of more than 1,081 square km, and it is divided into 10 administrative districts, which in turn comprise 123 regions.

The first mention of Moscow dates back to 1147, when Prince Yuri Dolgoruky established the first small outpost on the banks of the Moscow River. The settlement grew into a large and prosperous town, an important centre of Russia which eventually became the capital of the principality of Moscovy.

By the 15th century Moscow was Russia’s political, cultural and trade centre, and during the reign of Ivan the Great it became the capital of Russia as well. An intensive stone construction began, religious and cultural life developed.

Considerable changes in the capital’s life took place under Peter the Great. Inspite the fact that the capital of Russia was transferred to newly built St.Petersburg, Moscow retained its role of a political, economic, religious and cultural center of the country. Moscow remained a symbol of national pride and continued to play a major role in the course of Russian history.

In the last decade Moscow has undergone great changes. Those who visited the city five or six years ago on return are amazed at dramatic positive changes. Many historical sites were fully reconstructed including the Cathedral of St. Saviour, Voskresensky Gate and the Church of the Virgin of Kazan – in Red Square. Recreation walking zones have been created for tourists and inhabitants with numerous souvenir shops, cafes, bars and restaurants. Annually new hotels are opened.  38% of Russian historical heritage is located in Moscow, including over 200 museums listed in the UNESCO registry.

The Moscow metro system is famous for its art, muralsmosaics, and ornate chandeliers. When it first opened in 1935, the system had just two lines. Today, the Moscow Metro comprises twelve lines, mostly underground with a total of 188 stations.

Moscow continues to fasten its leading positions in the area of business, culture and tourism. Since 1999 to 2004 the number of foreign guests coming here increased four times. Moscow has a right to be proud of its centuries-long history.

 

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Time: Moscow standard time zone (MST) is UTC + 3 hours. Climate:

The average temperature in Moscow

 

day time

night time

January

-6°C

-12°C

February

-4°C

-11°C

March

1°C

-5°C

April

10°C

1°C

May

18°C

7°C

June

21°C

11°C

July

23°C

13°C

August

21°C

12°C

September

15°C

7°C

October

8°C

2°C

November

1°C

-3°C

December

-3°C

-8°C

Currency exchange: The most convenient and reliable places to change money are the banks or large hotels.