SIBERIA

Siberia has population density of about three people per square kilometre. Most Siberians are Russians. Ethnic Russians are descended from Slavs who lived in Eastern Europe four hundred years ago. Such Mongol and Turkic groups as Buryats, Tuvinians, and Yakuts lived in Siberia originally, and descendants of these peoples still live there. Other ethnic groups include Kets, Evenks, Chukchis, Koryaks, and Yukaghirs. The total number of people living in this region is about 24 million people.

The Siberian frosts are an object of note. At times they reach – 40…-50°C. And «just»        -25…-30°C is quite a normal winter temperature for the local inhabitants; they do not notice it. But summer in the south of Siberia is rather hot, up to 30°C. It is possible to swim, though the water in reservoirs frequently remains cool. Even in July it warms only to 17-18°C.

The west of Siberia is covered by a swampy plain, the central plateau is heavily forested, and the east has mountains soaring to above 3,000 metres. Only the extreme north is true tundra, where temperatures can hit -68°C in winter.

There are quite a lot of rivers in Siberia. The biggest and the most famous are Ob, Irtysh, Yenisey, Angara and Lena. There is Lake Baikal, the pearl of Siberia. It is the deepest and one of the purest lakes in the World.

The most famous method of transportation in Siberia is the Trans-Siberian Railway, connecting Moscow to Vladivostok. Covering a distance of 9,289 kilometres, making it one of the longest railways in the world, the full trip takes over 6 days and crosses 8 time zones. Its branches the Trans-Manchurian and Trans-Mongolian connect to Beijing in China, the first directly, the second via Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia.

Mountainous Altai (Gorny Altai) - this region of Siberia is very popular among eco tourists. Mountaineering and mountain rivers’ rafting are wide spread here. The area is famous for its stunning scenery.

Siberia plays an important role for Russia’s economy because it is Siberia where a huge amount of mineral products is located including large volumes of forest and water resources. Particularly in Western Siberia there is a fertile land for agriculture, the country’s largest oil and gas provinces, metallurgical and chemical industrial centers. Eastern Siberia is rich with forests, stone and brown coal, iron and copper-nickel ore, bauxite polymetals. Also in Eastern Siberia are large deposits of gold, diamonds and non-metallic minerals such as mica, graphite, salt and Iceland spar.

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Location Everything reaching to the east beyond the Ural Mountains, the whole northern part of the Asian continent is considered by most people to be Siberia. We can arbitrarily divide it into regions: Western and Eastern Siberia, Altai, Tuva and Khakassia, the Sayans and Transbaikalia, Yakutia. Time UTC + 6 hours Climat

The avarage temperature in Siberia

 

January

-18°C

February

-17°C

March

-10°C

April

1°C

May

10°C

June

16°C

July

19°C

August

15°C

September

10°C

October

1°C

November

-9°C

December

-16°C